50 Weapons That Changed Warfare by William Weir

By William Weir

William Weir, writer of recent web page Book's 50 Battles that modified the area, takes one other examine the background of struggle, targeting the that served these well-known battles, in addition to others no longer as wonderful. incorporated are: * person weapons-from spears to the submachine gun. * Crew-served weapons-from battering rams to "Big Bertha". * Unmanned weapons-from punji stakes to "Bouncing Betty" landmines and catch weapons. 50 guns that modified war even contains units that, strictly conversing, are guns providers, comparable to tanks and bombers, yet that have had huge, immense results at the behavior of conflict. This booklet describes the results of those guns and the way and why they replaced warfare-from the bloody carnage produced through hand guns all through historical past to the by no means used yet universally feared fusion bomb, whose sole function is to wreck hundreds of thousands of individuals whereas leaving structures intact. every one weapon isn't just defined, but additionally illustrated to provide a clearer photo of its utilization and results.

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Most authorities today believe that Callinicus’s flamethrower projected a mixture containing quicklime and some extremely inflammable liquid such as naphtha or turpentine. Quicklime becomes extremely hot when mixed with water. In Greek fire, it became hot enough to ignite the liquid with which it was packed. It was probably projected through the animal heads by some kind of pump. Being projected from a low-freeboard galley in the open sea, it would probably ignite almost as soon as it left the nozzle, and certainly when it hit the wet sides of the enemy ship.

The Sarmatians, whose tribes included the Alans, moved west about the beginning of the Christian era. They wore heavy armor and used lances as well as bows, and all of them had stirrups. They replaced the Scythians as masters of the western steppes. The Goths, Visi and Ostro, learned to use stirrups from them, as did the Vandals, Gepids, Heruls, and all the other “East German” tribes that had trickled down into eastern Europe from Scandinavia. Of course, the Huns, who drove all those other nations into the Roman Empire, also used stirrups.

The steppe nomads had already developed a composite bow, probably because trees were scarce, and trees providing good bow wood were scarcer. Their bow had a thin strip of wood in the center, but the back was a think layer of animal sinew and the belly was strips of horn. These parts were all glued together and covered with bark or leather and lacquered to keep dampness out. A bow of this type was more elastic than a wooden bow, so it could be much shorter than a wooden bow shooting the same length of arrow.

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