A diachronic analysis of the interaction of syllabification by Koenig, Jeanette Suzanne

By Koenig, Jeanette Suzanne

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Extra resources for A diachronic analysis of the interaction of syllabification and jer vocalization

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1, unvocalized M-jers are invisible to syllabification. Szpyra (1992: 291) argues that if unvocalized M-jers do not take part in syllabification, we might expect them not to interfere with it either. zka). 35 From this, Szpyra (1992) concludes that something must be present on the skeletal tier to prevent the /z/ from syllabifying with the /k/ without actually taking part itself in syllabification. However, this example is not conclusive: Szpyra (1992) fails to note that no mechanism is needed for the M-jer to block syllabification, because the Lexical Phonology framework itself accounts for the /o/-raising.

This is in accordance with the Strict Cyclicity Condition, which prevents rules from applying inward on earlier levels. This is illustrated in (27) below. (27-a) shows application of Truncation correctly, within the same cycle as where the past tense morpheme was attached. In (27-b), it occurs inappropriately in a later cycle, when the morpheme boundary between root and past tense has been erased. (27) a. /v’od-l-a/ b. /vod-l-a/ Cycle One: v’odv’odCycle Two: v’od-lv’od-l(Truncate)--------- ∅ Cycle Three: v’ol-a v’odl-a (Truncate)----------------------------- ∅ Surface: [v’ola] [v’ola] Although both derivations produce the same surface results, (27-a) shows Truncation as a morphophonemic rule, whereas in (27-b), Truncation is put off until later, when the morpheme boundary has been erased.

The conditions governing application of this rule are complicated, but it is generally agreed that a tautosyllabic voiced consonant following /o/ is required for it to apply. In the nominative singular form, o-raising fails because the syllable in which it occurs is open, /z/ forming the onset of the following one. The genitive plural, which has no overt vocalic ending, however, allows the /z/ to close the syllable containing the /o/, allowing raising to occur. ) This is shown in (22) below: (22) UR Syllab.

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