Working Guide to Process Equipment by Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman

By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman

There's a solid cause this ebook has been up-to-date right into a 3rd variation. it's a nice booklet; good written, effortless to learn, and a logical movement. Norman Lieberman has a behavior of writing with a type of folksy everyman method of topics which may be relatively dry differently. He and Elizabeth have performed a superb task in this booklet and that i truthfully taken care of it as enjoyable interpreting with or 3 chapters an evening until eventually time to show off the sunshine. His troubleshooting episodes are like detective tales. It makes me want I were a strategy engineer so i'll have had the thrill of operating with Elizabeth and him.

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High viscosity hydrocarbons are bad conductors of heat. Thermal Expansion Railroad tracks grow longer in the heat of the sun. The hot tubes in an exchanger grow more than the cold shell. Hence, we have a floating head in the tube bundle to accommodate differential rates of thermal expansion between the tube bundle and the shell. Auto Ignition This is the temperature at which materials burn without a source of ignition. Gasoline autoignites at 450°F. Asphalt autoignites at 320°F methane at 1000°F.

Iron sulfide (pyrophorric iron) burns at room temperature when it is dry. Flash Temperature Hold a flame over a cup of diesel fuel; it will start to burn at its 160°F flash temperature. Gasoline’s flash temperature is below room temperature. Jet fuel is 110°F. The lighter the hydrocarbon, the lower the flash temperature. Vapor Pressure This is a key concept. As we heat a liquid, the molecules in the liquid try to escape into the vapor phase. The hotter the liquid, the harder they try to escape.

Typically, 50 percent of the level in the downcomer is due to the flow of vapor through the trays. When vapor flows through a tray deck, the vapor velocity increases as the vapor flows through the small openings provided by the valve caps, or sieve holes. The energy to increase the vapor velocity comes from the pressure of the flowing vapor. A common example of this is the pressure drop we measure across an orifice plate. If we have a pipeline velocity of 2 ft/s and an orifice plate hole velocity of 40 ft/s, then the energy needed to accelerate the vapor as it flows through the orifice plate comes from the pressure drop of the vapor itself.

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