By Yoshio Sugimoto
This revised variation has been up-to-date to hide advancements within the 5 years because the first variation was once released. Yoshio Sugimoto demanding situations the normal thought that Japan is an homogeneous society with few cultural and social disparities.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Japanese Society, Second Edition
Japan and the Social Sciences 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 33 Ide 1979; Shibamoto 1985; Takahara 1991. Fujita 1984. Hakuho¯do¯ 1985. See, for example, the Management and Coordination Agency’s surveys on women in 1987, 1990 and 1995. The 1995 results are reported in Inone and Ehara 1999, p. 37. See, for example, the Economic Planning Agency 1985. Ishikawa 1994; Tachibanaki 1989 and 1992; Tachibanaki and Yagi 1994.
The second possible solution is a Japanocentric approach. The reverse convergence thesis is the most sophisticated formulation of this position. This viewpoint presents a difficult dilemma. On the one hand, this approach has healthy implications in comparative sociology that tends to assume that Western countries are the unchallenged leaders of development. On the other hand, it leaves room for Japan’s cultural imperialism being pursued in the name of cultural relativism. Explanations emphasizing the allegedly unique aspects of Japanese society have been used as a convenient negotiating tactic by Japanese in their dealings with people overseas.
While the anti-convergence theorists use the Japanese family system and kinship networks as a cornerstone of their argument for the distinctive character of Japanese society, Tominaga underscores their decline and suggests that the Japanese are undergoing a Westerntype experience somewhat belatedly. Third, so-called Japanese management is changing. There are many signs that the twin institutions of permanent employment and senioritybased wage structure cannot sustain themselves. Company loyalty is weakening among young employees.