Archimedes in the Middle Ages. I. The Arabo-Latin Tradition by Marshall. Clagett

By Marshall. Clagett

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9, 54r-55r, 1565. On the Square of the Circle 20 Translations of De mensura circuli from Arabic In Quadratum Circuli / In nomine domini misericordis et miseratoris, incipit liber Ersemidis in quadratum circuli. ) OMNIS CIRCULUS T R IA N G U LO O RTO GO N IO , CUIUS UNUM E X DUO BUS LA T E R IB U S R EC T O A D IA C E N T IB U S 5 AN G U LO D IM ID IO D IA M E T R I EIU SD E M CIRCU LI, A L T E ­ RUM V E R O LA T U S L IN E E C IR C U M FER EN T I EQ U A TU R, E X IS T IT EQ U A LIS. Sit ergo circulus A B C D [Fig.

Suter, “ Das Buch der (19 10 -11), p. 39. g The Impact of Archimedes Moerbeke translation exists in only one codex, a Vatican manuscript, Ottob. lat. 1 8 jo. Although the name o f the translator is nowhere mention­ ed in this codex, consideration o f historical circumstances and translating techniques convinces us that it was done by Moerbeke, as I shall show in Volume Two. While a number o f mistakes in translation occur, for the most part it is a careful and understandable rendering, though quite literal.

Millas Vallicrosa, Estudios sobre historia de la ciencia espaitola (Barcelona, I 949), pp. 359-68. A different but quite interesting discussion o f quadrature (also translated from the Greek) was the dis­ cussion from Simplicius’ Commentary on the Physics o f Aristotle, translated and para­ phrased by Robert Grosseteste under the title Quadratura circuli or Quadratura circuli per lunulas (see Appendix II). 3 A . F. von Pauly and G . Wissowa, Realencyclopadie der classischen Altertumsmssenschaft, Supplementband III (Stuttgart, 1918), cols.

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