By USMC (Ret.), Colonel Joseph H. Alexander
The second one conflict of Seoul was once the conflict to recapture Seoul from the North Koreans in past due September 1950. the improvement on Seoul was once gradual and bloody, after the landings at Inchon. the explanation used to be the looks within the Seoul sector of 2 first class struggling with devices of the North Korean People's military, the 78th self reliant Infantry Regiment and twenty fifth Infantry Brigade, approximately 7,000 troops in all. The NKPA introduced a T-34 assault, which used to be trapped and destroyed, and a Yak bombing run in Incheon harbor, which did little harm. The NKPA tried to stall the UN offensive to permit time to augment Seoul and withdraw troops from the south. even though warned that the method of taking Seoul might let final NKPA forces within the south to flee, MacArthur felt that he was once guaranteed to honor delivers given to the South Korean executive to retake the capital once attainable. at the moment day, vessels wearing the U.S. Army's seventh Infantry department arrived in Incheon Harbor. normal Almond was once desirous to get the department into place to dam a potential enemy move from the south of Seoul. at the morning of September 18, the division's 2d Battalion of the thirty second Infantry Regiment landed at Incheon and the rest of the regiment went ashore later within the day. the subsequent morning, the 2d Battalion moved as much as relieve an U.S. Marine battalion occupying positions at the correct flank south of Seoul. in the meantime, the seventh Division's thirty first Infantry Regiment got here ashore at Incheon. accountability for the region south of Seoul road handed to seventh department at 18:00 on September 19. The seventh Infantry department then engaged in heavy struggling with with North Korean squaddies at the outskirts of Seoul. ahead of the conflict, North Korea had only one understrength department within the urban, with nearly all of its forces south of the capital. MacArthur individually oversaw the first Marine Regiment because it fought via North Korean positions at the street to Seoul. keep watch over of Operation Chromite was once then given to significant common Edward Almond, the X Corps commander. basic Almond was once in a big hurry to seize Seoul by way of September 25, precisely 3 months of the North Korean attack around the thirty eighth parallel. On September 22, the Marines entered Seoul to discover it seriously fortified. Casualties fixed because the forces engaged in determined house-to-house battling. apprehensive to pronounce the conquest of Seoul, Almond declared the town liberated on September 25 even though Marines have been nonetheless engaged in house-to-house wrestle. This U.S. Marine Corps background presents distinctive information regarding a tremendous element of the Korean conflict. matters lined during this historical past contain: the first Marine department; significant basic Oliver P. Smith; Seoul/Wonsan crusade; aerial clinical evacuation; shut air help within the recapture of Seoul; marine wrestle autos; Bushmaster; 1950 road combating.
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Additional info for Battle of the Barricades: U.S. Marines in the Recapture of Seoul (Marines in the Korean War Commemorative Series)
He called in artillery and mortar fire, employed his machine guns and rocket launchers, enjoying his dominant position. Strangely, he said, Lieutenant Colonel Hawkins kept urging him to advance. “We thought we were having a turkey shoot,” Barrow recalled. ” Street fighting at that time was an uncommon Marine experience. There had been a bloody two-day fight in downtown Vera Cruz, Mexico, in 1914, where Major Smedley D. Butler and Lieutenant Colonel Wendell C. “Whispering Buck” Neville led their men with axes and bayonets in attacking through the walls of the row-houses.
Partridge had at least one sec- Battalion, 1st Marines, as it clawed its way along each city block. Sergeant Orville Jones, Puller’s hand-picked driver throughout 1950-55, followed his colonel in the jeep, a short distance to the rear. Sometimes the Marines fighting door-to-door along the street would be appalled to see Chesty Puller walking fully exposed and abreast of the action, Jones recalled. ’” Yet even the famously aggressive Chesty Puller could not expedite the methodical reduction of the barricades.
The Marines encountered the first serious NKPA minefields (both antitank and anti-personnel) in the vicinity of Kimpo Airfield. The subsequent arrival of highly-trained, first-line North Korean reinforcements in defensive positions guarding the approaches to Seoul led to minefields of increasing size and sophistication. Soviet Red Army advisors had trained the NKPA in mine warfare, and many of the mines encountered by the Marines were made in Russia. These mines slowed the advance of the 1st Marine Division as it reached the outer defenses of Seoul along the Kalchon west of Yongdungpo or the avenues of approach to Hill 296 and its many subordinate peaks and ridgelines.