By Chen Chen, Yuzhuo Ren, C.-C. Jay Kuo
This booklet deals an outline of conventional mammoth visible information research ways and offers state of the art ideas for a number of scene comprehension difficulties, indoor/outdoor class, outdoors scene class, and outside scene structure estimation. it really is illustrated with quite a few ordinary and artificial colour photographs, and large statistical research is equipped to assist readers visualize immense visible facts distribution and the linked difficulties. even if there was a little analysis on significant visible info research, little paintings has been released on immense photograph facts distribution research utilizing the trendy statistical method defined during this booklet. by way of providing a whole technique on titanic visible information research with 3 illustrative scene comprehension difficulties, it offers a general framework that may be utilized to different great visible information research tasks.
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Additional info for Big Visual Data Analysis: Scene Classification and Geometric Labeling
25, we see a large number of red circles in S1 and a large number of green crosses in S3 , which can be correctly classified by KPK. 9. There are significantly fewer red circles in S3 and fewer green crosses in S1 , which are misclassified by KPK. There are some red circles and green crosses in S2 , which are difficult to set apart using soft KPK decision scores. 9. Based on the above discussion, the criteria of a good expert can be concluded as follows. 1. It has a larger ratio of correct versus incorrect decision samples in S1 and S3 .
13. This partition is inspired from the observation that most images contain objects of interest in the central regions, yet these objects rarely play a role in indoor/outdoor image classification. Thus, instead of uniform partitioning, Fig. 2 Individual Indoor/Outdoor Experts 37 Fig. 13 The image partition scheme adopted by KPK KPK partitions an image into to two central blocks (BLK3 and BLK4 ) and three boundary blocks (BLK1 , BLK2 and BLK5 ). Color Orientation Histogram (COH) and Edge Orientation Histogram (EOH).
Consequentially, the combined ECOH feature has a dimension of 80 for the whole image (16 for each of five blocks). Fig. 29 % on the outdoor class. 8. To summarize, the KPK expert adopts a non-uniform partitioning scheme and puts more weights on the boundary blocks than the central ones. The COH and EOH features are carefully selected. In our experiment on the SUN dataset, KPK provides the best performance and the observed performance is close to that claimed in  despite the fact that only a small dataset consisting of 1,200 images was used therein.